By: Turner S.B. No. 252 A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT 1-1 relating to interstate banking and branching in Texas. 1-2 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS: 1-3 SECTION 1. Article 342-305 is amended by adding the 1-4 following new section: 1-5 Pursuant to Section 44(a)(2) of the Federal Deposit Insurance 1-6 Act (12 U.S.C. 1811 et seq.), a merger transaction involving 1-7 (a) either: 1-8 (1) a state chartered bank chartered in this State; or 1-9 (2) a national bank, the main office of which is 1-10 located in this state, and 1-11 (b) an out-of-state bank is expressly prohibited. 1-12 For the purposes of this Act, the following definition shall 1-13 apply: 1-14 (a) Out-of-state bank means: 1-15 (1) with respect to a national bank, a bank, the main 1-16 office of which is located in a state other than this state. 1-17 (2) with respect to a state chartered bank, a bank 1-18 which is chartered by a state other than this state. 1-19 SECTION 2. Article 342-306 is amended to read as follows: 1-20 Art. 342-306. Reorganization--Incorporation to take over 1-21 business of other banks or state or federal savings banks or 1-22 savings and loan associations--Trust powers. A state bank may be 1-23 incorporated to take over the business of any incorporated bank or 2-1 banks, state or national, or of any state or federal savings bank 2-2 or state or federal savings and loan association, as a step in the 2-3 reorganization of such institution or institutions, (which 2-4 institution or institutions, whether one or more, will be hereafter 2-5 referred to as the "reorganizing institution"), and shall, subject 2-6 to the provisions of this article, be authorized to purchase assets 2-7 from the reorganizing institution and as consideration therefor, 2-8 assume all liabilities, known or unknown, of the reorganizing 2-9 institution, other than its liability to stockholders as such. 2-10 Notwithstanding the foregoing, no state bank may be 2-11 incorporated to take over the business of a commercial bank the 2-12 main office of which is located in a state other than this state or 2-13 which is chartered by a state other than this state. 2-14 (The remainder of this section is unchanged.) 2-15 SECTION 3. Article 342-307 is amended to read as follows: 2-16 Art. 342-307. Purchase of assets of another bank or state or 2-17 federal savings bank or savings and loan association--Disbursing 2-18 agent. Any state bank may, with the consent of the Banking 2-19 Commissioner, purchase the whole or any part of the assets of any 2-20 other state bank or of any national bank domiciled in this State, 2-21 or of a state or federal savings bank or state or federal savings 2-22 and loan association, and may hold the purchase price and any 2-23 additional funds delivered to it by the selling institution in 2-24 trust for or as a deposit to the credit of the selling institution. 2-25 However, this provision shall not apply if the selling institution 3-1 is chartered by another state or has its main office located in 3-2 another state. The purchasing bank may act as agent of the selling 3-3 institution in disbursing the funds so held in trust or on deposit 3-4 by paying the depositors and creditors of the selling institution, 3-5 provided that if the purchasing bank acts under written contract of 3-6 agency which specifically names each depositor and creditor and the 3-7 amount to be paid each, and if such agency is confined to the 3-8 purely ministerial act of paying such depositors and creditors the 3-9 amounts due them as determined by the selling institution and 3-10 reflected in the contract of agency and involves no discretionary 3-11 duties or authority other than the identification of the depositors 3-12 and creditors named, and if such contract is approved by the 3-13 Banking Commissioner, then the purchasing bank may rely upon such 3-14 contract of agency and the instructions included therein, and shall 3-15 not be in any way liable or responsible for any error made by the 3-16 selling institution in determining its liabilities, the depositors 3-17 and creditors to whom such liabilities are due, or the amounts due 3-18 such depositors and creditors; nor liable or in any way responsible 3-19 for any preference which may result from the payments made pursuant 3-20 to such contract of agency and the instructions included therein. 3-21 Further provided that, in event the selling institution should, at 3-22 any time after such sale of assets, be closed and come into the 3-23 hands of the Banking Commissioner or into the hands of a receiver, 3-24 then the purchasing bank shall pay to the Banking Commissioner as 3-25 statutory liquidator or to the receiver of such state or national 4-1 institution the balance of the funds held by it in trust or on 4-2 deposit for the selling institution, not theretofore paid to the 4-3 depositors and creditors of the selling institution, and shall 4-4 thereupon stand discharged of any and all liabilities, obligations 4-5 or responsibilities to the selling institution, its receiver, the 4-6 Banking Commissioner as its statutory liquidator, or to the 4-7 depositors, creditors or stockholders thereof. Provided further 4-8 that payment to any depositor or creditor of the selling 4-9 institution of the amount to be paid him under the terms of the 4-10 contract of agency may be effected by the purchasing bank opening 4-11 an account in the name of such depositor or creditor, crediting 4-12 such account with the amount to be paid the depositor or creditor 4-13 under the terms of such agency contract, and mailing a duplicate 4-14 deposit ticket evidencing such credit to such depositor or creditor 4-15 at his address as reflected by the records of the selling 4-16 institution, or delivering it to him personally, and the relation 4-17 of debtor to creditor shall thereupon arise between the purchasing 4-18 bank and such depositors and creditors to the extent and only to 4-19 the extent of the credit reflected by such deposit tickets. 4-20 Further provided, that if any such depositor or creditor checks 4-21 upon the credit so created, or if he does not within sixty (60) 4-22 days of the mailing or the personal delivery of such deposit ticket 4-23 protest the transaction and demand payment from the selling 4-24 institution, he shall be deemed to have ratified the transaction 4-25 and to the extent of the credit so created to have accepted the 5-1 obligation of the purchasing bank as reflected by said deposit 5-2 ticket in satisfaction of the obligation of the selling 5-3 institution, and the obligation of the selling institution to the 5-4 extent of such credit shall be deemed paid and satisfied within the 5-5 meaning of this article. 5-6 SECTION 4. Article 342-309 is amended by adding the 5-7 following language: 5-8 Pursuant to Section 44(a)(2) of the Federal Deposit Insurance 5-9 Act (12 U.S.C. 1811 et seq.), a merger transaction involving 5-10 (a) either: 5-11 (1) a state chartered bank chartered in this State; or 5-12 (2) a national bank, the main office of which is 5-13 located in this state, and 5-14 (b) an out-of-state bank is expressly prohibited. 5-15 For the purposes of this Act, the following definition shall 5-16 apply: 5-17 (a) Out-of-state means: 5-18 (1) with respect to a national bank, a bank, the main 5-19 office of which is located in a state other than this state. 5-20 (2) with respect to a state chartered bank, a bank 5-21 which is chartered by a state other than this state. 5-22 SECTION 5. Article 342-903 is amended by adding the 5-23 following: 5-24 Sec. 4. An out-of-state bank may not acquire branch 5-25 facilities in this state whether by de novo activity or by 6-1 acquisition of an existing facility through merger, consolidation, 6-2 purchase, or otherwise. ("Out-of-state bank" is defined to mean, 6-3 with respect to a national bank, a bank, the main office of which 6-4 is located in a state other than this state, and, with respect to a 6-5 state-chartered bank, a bank which is chartered by a state other 6-6 than this state.) 6-7 SECTION 6. Article 342-912 is repealed and replaced with the 6-8 following new Article 342-912: 6-9 ACQUISITION OF BANK OR BANK HOLDING COMPANY. (a) Any bank 6-10 or bank holding company that seeks to directly or indirectly 6-11 acquire or acquire control of a bank located in this state, or of a 6-12 bank holding company that controls a bank in this state, and that 6-13 submits an application for approval to the Board of Governors of 6-14 the Federal Reserve System pursuant to Section 3 of the Bank 6-15 Holding Company Act of 1956 (12 U.S.C. Sec. 1842), shall submit a 6-16 copy of the application and any additional Community Reinvestment 6-17 Act information required to the banking commissioner at the same 6-18 time the application is submitted to the board of governors. 6-19 (b) The banking commissioner, on receipt of the notice 6-20 prescribed by Subsection 3(b) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 6-21 1956 (12 U.S.C. Sec. 1842(b)), shall respond in writing within the 6-22 time limit prescribed by that subsection. The banking commissioner 6-23 shall comment with respect to: 6-24 (1) the views and recommendations of the banking 6-25 commissioner concerning the application; and 7-1 (2) the opinion of the banking commissioner regarding 7-2 whether the application evidences compliance with the provisions of 7-3 the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977, as amended (12 U.S.C. Sec. 7-4 2901 et seq.). 7-5 (c) If the proposed acquisition is of a state bank or a bank 7-6 holding company controlling a state bank and the banking 7-7 commissioner opposes the application in the response, the banking 7-8 commissioner shall appear at the hearing held pursuant to 7-9 Subsection 3(b) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (12 U.S.C. 7-10 Sec. 1842(b)) and present evidence at the hearing regarding the 7-11 reasons the application should be denied. 7-12 (d) If the proposed acquisition is of a national bank or a 7-13 bank holding company controlling a national bank and the banking 7-14 commissioner opposes the application in the response, the banking 7-15 commissioner shall request that a hearing be held pursuant to 7-16 Subsection 3(b) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (12 U.S.C. 7-17 Sec. 1842(b)). If the board of governors should grant the request, 7-18 the banking commissioner shall appear and present evidence at the 7-19 hearing regarding the reasons the application should be denied. 7-20 (e) If the board of governors approves an application that 7-21 the banking commissioner opposed, the banking commissioner may 7-22 acquiesce in the decision or seek to overturn the decision on 7-23 appeal, with the assistance of the attorney general, in accordance 7-24 with the provisions of Section 9 of the Bank Holding Company Act of 7-25 1956 (12 U.S.C. Sec. 1848). 8-1 COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT CRITERIA. In deriving an opinion 8-2 regarding a bank's compliance with the provisions of the Community 8-3 Reinvestment Act of 1977 (12 U.S.C. Sec. 2901 et seq.) for purposes 8-4 of Section 342-912, the banking commissioner is encouraged to 8-5 consider, to the extent available data permits, whether the 8-6 acquisition will result in: 8-7 (1) continued and increased extension of credit or 8-8 direct or indirect investment in projects or programs designed to 8-9 develop or redevelop areas in which persons with low or moderate 8-10 incomes reside, and designed to meet the credit needs of those low 8-11 or moderate income areas or that primarily benefit persons of low 8-12 and moderate income, as long as those investments are consistent 8-13 with sound banking practices, policies, and procedures, except that 8-14 personal installment loans, loans made to purchase, or loans 8-15 secured by an automobile are not considered qualifying community 8-16 reinvestment; 8-17 (2) continued and increased investments in 8-18 governmental insured, guaranteed, subsidized, or otherwise 8-19 sponsored programs for housing, small farms, or businesses that 8-20 address the needs of the low and moderate income areas; 8-21 (3) continued and increased investments in residential 8-22 mortgage loans, home improvement loans, housing rehabilitation 8-23 loans, and small business or small farm loans originated in low and 8-24 moderate income areas, or the purchase of such loans originated in 8-25 low and moderate income areas; 9-1 (4) continued and increased investments for the 9-2 preservation or revitalization of urban or rural communities in low 9-3 and moderate income areas; 9-4 (5) continued investments in the obligations of state 9-5 and local governmental entities, priority to be given where 9-6 possible to those entities located in the local community or local 9-7 trade area of each bank; and 9-8 (6) any diminution of reasonable availability of 9-9 banking services to all segments of the public and economy of this 9-10 state, with special emphasis on economic development and the 9-11 financing of enterprises to increase employment opportunities. 9-12 OTHER APPLICABLE REQUIREMENTS. Notwithstanding any other 9-13 law, a bank or bank holding company may not acquire control of, or 9-14 acquire all or substantially all of the assets of, a bank located 9-15 in this state, or of a bank holding company that controls a bank in 9-16 this state, if the acquiring bank or bank holding company, together 9-17 with all of its insured depository institution affiliates, 9-18 controls, or after consummation of the acquisition would control, 9-19 more than 20 percent of the total amount of deposits of insured 9-20 depository institutions located in this state as reported in the 9-21 most recently available reports of condition or similar reports 9-22 filed with state or federal authorities. For purposes of this 9-23 subsection, the terms "deposit" and "insured depository 9-24 institution" have the same meanings as in Section 3 of the Federal 9-25 Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. Sec. 1813). 10-1 SECTION 7. Article 342-916 is repealed in its entirety and 10-2 replaced by the following: 10-3 ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO OUT-OF-STATE BANK 10-4 HOLDING COMPANIES. (a) An out-of-state bank holding company may 10-5 not engage in an acquisition specified in Article 342-912 unless 10-6 each bank located in this state that would, on consummation of the 10-7 acquisition, be controlled, directly or indirectly, by the 10-8 out-of-state bank holding company, has existed and continuously 10-9 operated as a bank for a period of at least five years. 10-10 (b) A bank that is the successor as a result of merger or 10-11 acquisition of all or substantially all of the assets of a prior 10-12 bank is considered to have been in existence and continuously 10-13 operated for purposes of this section during the period of its 10-14 existence and continuous operation as a bank and during the period 10-15 of existence and continuous operation of the prior bank. A bank 10-16 effecting a purchase and assumption, merger, or similar transaction 10-17 with or supervised by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation is 10-18 considered to have been in existence and continuously operated for 10-19 purposes of this section during the existence and continuous 10-20 operation of the bank with respect to which the transaction was 10-21 consummated. 10-22 (c) For purposes of this section, a bank holding company is 10-23 considered an out-of-state bank holding company if at the moment it 10-24 first seeks to acquire a national or state bank domiciled in Texas 10-25 it holds one or more national or state chartered banks which is 11-1 domiciled in a state other than Texas. 11-2 SECTION 8. Article 342-913 is repealed in its entirety and 11-3 replaced by the following: 11-4 ACQUISITION OF NONBANKING INSTITUTION BY A BANK HOLDING 11-5 COMPANY. (a) A bank holding company doing business in this state 11-6 that submits an application or notice to the Board of Governors of 11-7 the Federal Reserve System regarding an acquisition or activity 11-8 regulated by Section 4 of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (12 11-9 U.S.C. Sec. 1843) shall submit a copy of the application or notice 11-10 to the banking commissioner at the same time the application or 11-11 notice is submitted to the board of governors, and shall submit 11-12 such other information as may reasonably be requested by the 11-13 banking commissioner to determine the manner in which the 11-14 acquisition or activity will directly or indirectly affect 11-15 residents of this state, including any remote or contingent effect. 11-16 (b) The banking commissioner may convene a public hearing 11-17 regarding the application and its effect on this state, whether or 11-18 not requested to do so by any person, pursuant to this subtitle. 11-19 The banking commissioner shall convene a hearing if the bank 11-20 holding company requests a hearing in writing at the time it 11-21 transmits the application or notice to the banking commissioner. 11-22 The application or activity is considered approved if the banking 11-23 commissioner does not act under this subsection on or before the 11-24 31st day after the application or notice is filed. 11-25 (c) On or before the 31st day after the hearing is closed, 12-1 the banking commissioner may issue an order disapproving the 12-2 acquisition or activity based on a finding that the acquisition or 12-3 activity would be detrimental to the public interest as a result of 12-4 probable adverse effects such as undue concentration of resources, 12-5 decreased or unfair competition, conflicts of interest, or unsound 12-6 banking practices, and shall otherwise approve the application or 12-7 activity. A final order of the banking commissioner may be 12-8 appealed in the manner provided by this title. 12-9 ENFORCEMENT. The banking commissioner has jurisdiction to 12-10 bring an enforcement proceeding under this subtitle against a bank 12-11 holding company that knowingly violates or participates in the 12-12 violation of a provision of this subtitle, an agreement filed with 12-13 the banking commissioner under this subchapter, or a regulation or 12-14 order issued by the banking commissioner or the finance commission 12-15 under this subtitle, as if the bank holding company was a state 12-16 bank. 12-17 SECTION 9. The importance of this legislation and the 12-18 crowded condition of the calendars in both houses create an 12-19 emergency and an imperative public necessity that the 12-20 constitutional rule requiring bills to be read on three several 12-21 days in each house be suspended, and this rule is hereby suspended, 12-22 and that this Act take effect and be in force from and after its 12-23 passage, and it is so enacted.