HBA-MPM C.S.H.B. 3505 76(R)BILL ANALYSIS Office of House Bill AnalysisC.S.H.B. 3505 By: Solis, Jim Public Health 4/12/1999 Committee Report (Substituted) BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Counties with a hospital district or public hospital provide care to indigent patients through that district or hospital. These hospital districts may receive additional compensation for indigent health care services through the disproportionate share hospital program, which is established under Medicaid and provides federal funds to match state and local expenditures. Counties without a hospital district or public hospital must provide care to indigent patients and pay the cost of this care from general revenue. This may pose a hardship for counties with many low-income residents, because the tax base is lower and the county has no opportunity to recoup any of the cost of indigent health care. C.S.H.B. 3505 allows counties and hospital districts to pool resources in providing health care for indigent residents through the formation of a health services district (district). This bill provides such a district with contracting and bonding authority, and provides the counties with the opportunity to pool their resources and function as one unit for the purpose of providing indigent health care. RULEMAKING AUTHORITY It is the opinion of the Office of House Bill Analysis that this bill does not expressly delegate any additional rulemaking authority to a state officer, department, agency or institution. SECTION BY SECTION ANALYSIS SECTION 1. Amends Subtitle D, Title 4, Health and Safety Code, by adding Chapter 287, as follows: CHAPTER 287. HEALTH SERVICES DISTRICTS SUBCHAPTER A. GENERAL PROVISIONS Sec. 287.001. DEFINITIONS. Defines "board," "district," " and "director" for purposes of this chapter. Sec. 287.002. DISTRICT AUTHORIZATION. Authorizes a health services district (district) to be created and established. Provides that if created, the district is required to be maintained, operated, and financed as provided by this chapter. SUBCHAPTER B. CREATION OF DISTRICT Sec. 287.021. CREATION BY CONCURRENT ORDERS. (a) Authorizes a county or hospital district and one or more other counties or hospital districts of this state, except as provided in Subsection (b), to create a district by adopting concurrent orders. (b) Prohibits a county in the service area of a hospital district from being a party to the creation of a district or to a contract with a district. Authorizes the hospital district serving the county to create and contract with the district for its service area. (c) Provides that a concurrent order to create a district must to meet certain criteria, including being coextensive with the combined boundaries of each creating county and hospital district. Sec. 287.022. CONTRACT TERMS. (a) Requires a county or hospital district creating a district under this chapter to contract with the district to provide at minimum the health care services the county or hospital district is required to provide by law or under the constitution. Provides that a contract with a county or hospital district that created the district under this chapter must contain certain information. (b) Makes Chapter 791 (Interlocal Cooperation Contracts), Government Code, inapplicable to a contract made under this chapter. Sec. 287.023. PURPOSE AND DUTIES. Requires a district to provide health care services to certain categories of persons in a certain manner; manage funds; acquire, construct, manage and operate land, buildings, improvements, equipment, and other assets for which the district is responsible; and plan and coordinate with public and private health care providers and entities. Requires the district to ensure the provision of quality health care by health care providers employed by or under contract with the district. Sec. 287.024. FUNDING. (a) Requires each county or hospital district contracting with the district to contribute for its operation certain funding. (b) Requires the district to maintain an accounting of the funds received from each county or hospital district contracting with the district. (c) Authorizes the district to commingle and administer the financial contributions of all parties to the contract for district purposes. SUBCHAPTER C. DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION Sec. 287.041. BOARD OF DIRECTORS. (a) Requires each county or hospital district creating the district to appoint two directors to the board. (b) Requires the counties or hospital districts to agree on and collectively appoint one additional director, in addition to the two directors appointed. (c) Provides that directors serve staggered, two-year terms, with as near as possible to one-half of the terms expiring each year. Sec. 287.042. QUALIFICATIONS FOR OFFICE. (a) Provides that in order to be eligible to serve as a director, an individual must meet certain criteria. (b) Prohibits an employee of the district from serving as a director. Sec. 287.043. BOND. (a) Provides that before assuming the duties of office, each director is required to execute a bond for $5,000 payable to the district, conditioned on the faithful performance of the person's duties as director. (b) Requires the bond to be kept in the district's permanent records. (c) Authorizes the board to pay for directors' bonds with district funds. Sec. 287.044. BOARD VACANCY. Requires a vacancy in the office of a director to be filled for the unexpired term in the same manner as the original appointment. Sec. 287.045. OFFICERS. (a) Requires the board to elect from its members a president and vice president. (b) Requires the board to appoint a secretary who need not be a director. Sec. 287.046. OFFICERS' TERMS; VACANCY. (a) Provides that each officer of the board serves for a one-year term. (b) Requires the board to fill a vacancy for the unexpired term. Sec. 287.047. COMPENSATION. (a) Provides that directors and officers serve without compensation, however, authorizes them to be reimbursed or actual expenses incurred in the performance of official duties. (b) Provides that expenses reimbursed under this section must be reported in a certain manner and approved by the board. Sec. 287.048. VOTING REQUIREMENT. Provides that a majority of board members voting must concur in a matter relating to the district's business. Sec. 287.049. ADMINISTRATOR AND ADDITIONAL STAFF. (a) Authorizes the board to appoint qualified persons as administrator of the district and as additional staff members as necessary. (b) Provides that the individuals listed in Subsection (a) serve at the board's will. (c) Entitles individuals in Subsection (a) to compensation as determined by the board. (d) Requires the administrator, before assuming duties, to execute a bond payable to the district for no less than $5,000 as determined by the board, conditioned on the faithful performance of the administrator's duties under this chapter. Authorizes the board to pay for the bond with district funds. Sec. 287.050. APPOINTMENTS TO STAFF. Authorizes the board to appoint to the staff any doctors it considers necessary for the efficient operation of the district and make temporary appointments as necessary. Sec. 287.051. TECHNICIANS, NURSES, AND OTHER DISTRICT EMPLOYEES. (a) Authorizes the district to employ technicians, nurses, fiscal agents, accountants, architects, attorneys, and other necessary employees. (b) Authorizes the board to delegate to the administrator the authority to employ persons for the district. Sec. 287.052. GENERAL DUTIES OF ADMINISTRATOR. Requires the administrator to supervise the work and activities of the district and direct the district's general affairs, subject to limitations prescribed by the board. Sec. 287.053. RETIREMENT BENEFITS. Authorizes the board to provide retirement benefits for district employees by establishing or administering a retirement program or electing to participate in certain statewide retirement systems. SUBCHAPTER D. POWERS AND DUTIES Sec. 287.071. RESPONSIBILITY OF GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY. Requires a county or hospital district where the district is located to transfer certain operations to the district upon its creation. Sec. 287.072. DISTRICT RESPONSIBILITIES. Provides that upon creation of a district, the district assumes the duties required by Section 287.023, Health and Safety Code, and any additional duties specified in the contract with the counties and hospital districts that created the district. Sec. 287.073. MANAGEMENT, CONTROL, AND ADMINISTRATION. Requires the board to manage, control, and administer the health care system and the funds and resources of the district that are transferred under Section 287.071, Health and Safety Code. Sec. 287.074. DISTRICT RULES. Authorizes the board to adopt rules governing the district's operation, and the duties, functions and responsibilities of district staff and employees. Sec. 287.075. METHODS AND PROCEDURES. Authorizes the board to prescribe the method of making purchases and expenditures and accounting and control procedures or the district. Sec. 287.076. HEALTH CARE PROPERTY, FACILITIES, AND EQUIPMENT. (a) Requires the board to determine the type, number, and location of buildings required to establish and maintain an adequate health care system and the type of equipment necessary for health care. (b) Authorizes the board to make additional determinations, including those related to: _acquisition of property, facilities, and equipment; _a mortgage or pledge of the property, facilities, or equipment; _transfer by lease to certain individuals and entities; _sale or disposal of properties, facilities, or equipment; and _contracts with a state agency to provide facilities and health care services. Sec. 287.077. CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS. (a) Authorizes the board to enter into construction contracts for the district. (b) Authorizes the board to enter into construction contracts of more than $10,000 only after competitive bidding as provided by Subchapter B (Competitive Bidding on Certain Public Works Contracts), Chapter 271 (Purchasing and Contracting Authority of Municipalities, Counties, and Certain Other Local Governments), Local Government Code. (c) Makes Chapter 2253 (Public Work Performance and Payment Bonds), Government Code, as it relates to performance and payment bonds, applicable to construction contracts let by the district. Sec. 287.078. DISTRICT OPERATING AND MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS. Authorizes the board to enter into operating or management contracts relating to health care facilities owned by the district or for which the district assumes responsibility for managing and operating under the terms of the contract with the counties and hospital districts that created the district. Sec. 287.079. EMINENT DOMAIN. (a) Authorizes a district to exercise the power of eminent domain to acquire a fee simple or other interest in property located in the district's territory if the property interest is necessary to the exercise of the rights or authority conferred by this chapter. (b) Provides that a district must exercise the power of eminent domain as provided in Chapter 21 (Eminent Domain), Property Code. Does not require the district to deposit in the trial court money or a bond as provided by Section 21.021(a) (Possession Pending Litigation), Property Code, which, after an award in a condemnation proceeding has been made, authorizes the condemnor to take possession of the condemned property pending the results of further litigation under certain conditions. (c) Provides that in a condemnation proceeding brought by a district, the district is not required to pay certain costs or give certain bonds associated with the proceeding. Sec. 287.080. EXPENSES FOR MOVING FACILITIES OF RAILROADS OR UTILITIES. Provides that the district, in exercising the power of eminent domain, must bear the actual costs of relocating, raising, lowering, rerouting, changing the grade, or altering the construction to provide comparable replacement without enhancement of a facility, after deducting the net salvage value derived from the old facility with respect to any of the following: _railroad _highway _pipeline _electric transmission and electric distribution _telegraph _telephone lines _conduits _poles _facilities Sec. 287.081. PAYMENT FOR HEALTH CARE SERVICES. (a) Requires the district to supply without charge to a patient residing in the district the care and treatment for which the patient, the patient's guardian out of the estate of the patient, or relative legally responsible for the patient's support cannot pay. Prohibits a district from considering that the patient or the patient's relative who is responsible for the patient's support cannot pay for the care and treatment of the patient in determining the type and degree of care and treatment required by the patient. (b) Requires the district to adopt an application procedure to determine eligibility for assistance that complies with Section 61.053 (Application Procedure), Health and Safety Code, no later than the first day of each operating year. (c) Authorizes the administrator of the district to have an inquiry made into the financial circumstances of certain individuals obligated to provide for the patient, including the estates of those individuals. (d) Authorizes the board to adopt a sliding-fee scale for health care services provided to a patient who can pay for some, but not all, of the care and treatment provided by the district. Provides that the fees for health care services provided to a patient described by this subsection must be based on the income level and size of the estate of the patient or relative of the patient who is legally responsible for the patient. (e) Authorizes a county that created and contracted with the district to credit a district expenditure for the care and treatment of an eligible county resident to the same extent and in the same manner the county would be able to claim the expenditure under Chapter 61 if the county made the expenditure. (f) Requires the board to adopt rules regarding the collection of money that is owed to the district for health care services provided to a patient who is determined to be able to pay for all or any part of the services from a patient, a patients's estate, or a relative who is legally responsible for the patient's support. Sec. 287.082. REIMBURSEMENT FOR SERVICES. (a) Requires the board to mandate reimbursement from a county, municipality, or public hospital located outside the district's boundaries for the district's care and treatment of a sick, diseased, or injured person of that service area as provided by Chapter 61 (Indigent Health Care and Treatment Act), Health and Safety Code. (b) Requires the board to mandate reimbursement from the sheriff or police chief of a county or municipality for the district's care and treatment of a person confined in a jail of that area who is not a resident of the district. (c) Authorizes the board to contract with the state or federal government for those entities to reimburse the district for treatment of a sick, diseased, or injured person. Sec. 287.083. SERVICE CONTRACTS. Authorizes the board to contract with a municipality, county, special district, or other county or hospital district of the state or with a state or federal agency for the district to furnish a mobile emergency medical service or provide for the investigatory or welfare needs of inhabitants of the district. Sec. 287.084. GIFTS, GRANTS, AND ENDOWMENTS. Authorizes the board, on behalf of the district, to accept gifts, grants, and endowments to be held in trust for any purpose and under any direction, limitation, or provision prescribed in writing by the donor that is consistent with the proper management of the district. Sec. 287.085. AUTHORITY TO SUE AND BE SUED. Authorizes the board to sue and be sued on the district's behalf. SUBCHAPTER E. DISSOLUTION OF DISTRICT Sec. 287.101. DISSOLUTION. Requires the district to be dissolved if the contract with the counties or hospital districts that created the district expires and is not renewed. Sec. 287.102. TRANSFER OF ASSETS AFTER DISSOLUTION. (a) Requires the board, after the district is dissolved, to perform certain functions with respect to district property. (b) Provides that if the district transfers its lands, buildings, improvements, equipment, and other assets to a county or other governmental entity, the county or entity assumes all debts and obligations related to this property, and the district is dissolved. Sec. 287.103. ADMINISTRATION OF PROPERTY, DEBTS, AND ASSETS AFTER DISSOLUTION. (a) Requires the board, if the district does not transfer its property to a county or other governmental entity, to continue to control and administer the property, debts, and assets of the district until all funds have been exhausted and the district's debts have been paid or settled. (b) Requires the district, if, after administering the property and assets and determining that these are insufficient to pay the district's debts, to transfer the remaining debts to the counties and hospital districts that created the district in proportion to the funds contributed to the district by each county or hospital district. (c) Requires the board, if after administering the property and assets and determining that unused funds remain, to transfer these funds to the counties ad hospital districts that created the district in proportion to the funds contributed to the district by the county or hospital district. Sec. 287.104. ACCOUNTING. Requires the board, after the district has paid all debts and disposed of all assets and funds, to provide an accounting to each county and hospital district that created and contracted with the district. Provides that the accounting must show the manner in which the assets and debts of the district were distributed. SUBCHAPTER F. DISTRICT FINANCES Sec. 287.121. FISCAL YEAR. (a) Provides that the district operates on the fiscal year established by the board. (b) Prohibits the fiscal year from being changed if revenue bonds of the district are outstanding or more than once in a 24-month period. Sec. 287.122. ANNUAL AUDIT. (a) Requires the board to annually audit the financial condition of the district. (b) Provides that a copy of the audit must be provided to each county and hospital district that created and contracted with the district. Sec. 287.123. DISTRICT AUDIT AND RECORDS. Provides that the annual audit and other district records are open for inspection during regular business hours and at the principal office of the district. Sec. 287.124. ANNUAL BUDGET. (a) Requires the district administrator to prepare a proposed budget for the district. (b) Provides that the budget is required to contain a complete financial statement, including certain information regarding the district's financial status. Sec. 287.125. NOTICE; HEARING; ADOPTION OF BUDGET. (a) Requires the board to hold a public hearing on the proposed annual budget. (b) Requires the board to publish notice of the hearing in a newspaper of general circulation in the district no later than the 10th day before the hearing. (c) Entitles any resident of the district to attend and participate in the meeting. (d) Authorizes the board, at the conclusion of the hearing, to adopt a budget by acting on the budget proposed by the administrator. Authorizes the board to make any changes in the budget that, in its judgment, the interests of the district residents demand. (e) Provides that the budget is effective only after the board adopts it. Sec. 287.126. AMENDING BUDGET. Authorizes the budget to be amended on the board's approval after its adoption. Sec. 287.127. LIMITATION OF EXPENDITURES. Prohibits money from being spent for an expense not included in the annual budget or an amendment to it. Prohibits the annual budget for administrative expenses from exceeding 10 percent of the total annual budget of the district except after formal adoption of an amendment to increase the budget for administrative expenses. Sec. 287.128. SWORN STATEMENT. Requires the administrator to prepare for the board a sworn statement of the amount of money that belongs to the district and an account of the disbursements of that money as soon as practicable after the close of the fiscal year. Sec. 287.129. SPENDING AND INVESTMENT LIMITATIONS. (a) Prohibits the district from incurring a debt payable from revenues of the district other than those on hand or to be on hand in the current and immediately following fiscal year of the district except for construction contracts under Section 287.077(a), Health and Safety Code or as provided by Sections 287.142 and 287.143, Health and Safety Code. (b) Authorizes the board to invest operating, depreciation, or building reserves only in funds or securities specified by Articles 836 or 837, V.T.C.S. (Investments and Secondary Investments, respectively). Sec. 287.130. DEPOSITORY. (a) Requires the board to name at least one bank to serve as a depository for district funds. (b) Requires these funds, other than those invested as provided by Section 287.129(b), Health and Safety Code, and those transmitted to a bank of payment for bonds or obligations issued or assumed by the district to be deposited as soon as they are received with the depository bank, where they must remain on deposit. Provides that this subsection does not limit the board's power to place a portion of the funds on time deposit or to purchase certificates of deposit. (c) Provides that before the district deposits funds in a bank in an amount that exceeds the maximum amount secured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the bank is required to execute a bond or other security in an amount sufficient to secure from loss the district funds that exceed the amount secured. Sec. 287.131. AD VALOREM TAXATION. Prohibits a district from imposing an ad valorem tax. SUBCHAPTER G. BONDS Sec. 287.141. GENERAL OBLIGATION BONDS. Prohibits a district from issuing general obligation bonds. Sec. 287.142. REVENUE BONDS. (a) Authorizes the board to issue revenue bonds for certain purposes. (b) Provides that the bonds are required to be payable from and secured by a pledge of all or part of the revenues derived from the operation of the district's health care system. Authorizes the bonds to be additionally secured by a mortgage or deed of trust lien on all or part of district property. (c) Provides that the bonds must be issued as provided by Sections 264.042, 264.043, 264.046, 264.047, 264.048, and 264.049, Health and Safety Code, for issuance of revenue bonds by county hospital authorities. These sections are titled, respectively: Form and Procedure, Terms, Junior Lien Bonds; Parity Bonds, Bond Proceeds; Investment of Funds, Refunding Bonds, and Approval and Registration of Bonds. Sec. 287.143. REFUNDING BONDS. (a) Authorizes refunding bonds to be issued to refund an outstanding indebtedness the district has issued or assumed. (b) Provides that the bonds are required to be issued as provided by Article 717k-3, V.T.C.S. (Chapter 784, Acts of the 61st Legislature, Regular Session, 1969) (State, County, Municipality or Political Subdivision; Issuer of Bonds, Notes, etc.). (c) Provides the refunding bonds are authorized to be sold and the proceeds applied to the payment of outstanding debts or exchanged in whole or part for no less than a similar principal amount of outstanding debt. Provides if the bonds are to be sold and the proceeds applied to the payment of outstanding debts, the bonds are required to be issued and payments made as provided by Article 717k, V.T.C.S. (Chapter 503, Acts of the 54th Legislature, Regular Session, 1955). Sec. 287.144. INTEREST AND MATURITY. Provides that district bonds are required to mature no later than the 50th anniversary of the date of issuance and bear interest at a rate not to exceed that provided by Article 717k-2, V.T.C.S. (Chapter 3, Acts of the 61st Legislature, Regular Session, 1969) (Public Insecurities; Issuance by Public Agencies; Interest Rate). Sec. 287.145. EXECUTION OF BONDS. Requires the board's president to execute the bonds in the name of the district. Requires the board's secretary to countersign the bonds as provided by Article 717j-1, V.T.C.S. (Texas Uniform Facsimile Signature of Public Officials Act). Sec. 287.146. APPROVAL AND REGISTRATION OF BONDS. (a) Provides that district bonds are subject to the same requirements with regard to approval by the attorney general and registration by the comptroller of public accounts (comptroller) as provided by law for approval and registration of bonds issued by counties. (b) Provides that on approval by the attorney general and registration by the comptroller, the bonds are incontestable for any cause. Sec. 287.147. BONDS AS INVESTMENTS. Provides that district bonds and debts assumed by the district are legal and authorized investments for certain individuals and entities. Sec. 287.148. BONDS AS SECURITY FOR DEPOSITS. Provides that district bonds are eligible to secure deposits of public funds of the state and of municipalities, counties, school districts, and other counties or hospital districts of the state. Provides that the bonds are lawful and sufficient security for deposits to the extent of their value if accompanied by all unmatured coupons. Sec. 287.149. TAX STATUS OF BONDS. Provides that because the district created under this chapter is a public entity performing an essential public function, bonds issued by the district, any transaction relating to the bonds, and profits made in the sale of the bonds are free from state taxes or taxation by any municipality, county, special districts, or other county or hospital district of this state. SECTION 2. Effective date: September 1, 1999. SECTION 3. Emergency clause. COMPARISON OF ORIGINAL TO SUBSTITUTE C.S.H.B. 3505 modifies the original in SECTION 1 (proposed Section 281.021) of this bill, by authorizing a health services district, as described by this Act, to be created by concurrent orders of a county or hospital district and one or more other counties or hospital districts, rather than two or more political subdivisions of this state. C.S.H.B. 3505 modifies the original in SECTION 1 (proposed Sections 287.021, 287.022, 287.024, 287.041, 287.072, 287.078, 287.083, 287.101, 287.103, 287.104, 287.121, 287.143, 287.148, and 287.149) of this bill, by providing that the authority granted and obligations created under the Act are expressly conferred to counties and hospital districts, rather than political subdivisions. C.S.H.B. 3505 modifies the original in SECTION 1 (proposed Sections 287.021, 287.071, 287.073, 287.076, 287.078, 287.142) of this bill, by providing that the concurrent orders described and authorized by this act creates a health care district, rather than a hospital district, and the authority granted and obligations created under the Act are expressly conferred on the health care district or health care facilities, rather than the hospital district and hospital facilities. C.S.H.B. 3505 modifies the original in SECTION 1 (proposed Section 287.049) of this bill, by authorizing the board to appoint an administrator of the district and additional staff members, rather than an administrator, assistant administrator, and attorney for the district. Makes conforming in the section title and changes regarding the appointment of attorneys and additional staff members. C.S.H.B. 3505 modifies the original in SECTION 1 (proposed Section 287.081) of this bill, by authorizing the health care district to inquire into and consider funds available to the patient's guardian out of the estate of the patient and the obligated relative's estate, if applicable, in determining whether the district will provide for all or part of the services provided to the patient free of charge. In proposed subsection (a), prohibits a district from considering that the patient or the patient's relative who is responsible for the patient's support cannot pay for the care and treatment of the patient in determining the type and degree of care and treatment required by the patient. Adds a new subsection (e) authorize the county to credit a district expenditure in the manner and amount authorized under Chapter 61. Adds a new Subsection (f) to require the board to adopt rules regarding collection of the amount the board determines the patient, patient's estate, or patient's obligated relative is able to pay. Removes the requirement in proposed Subsection (a) of the original that the administrator prepare a report regarding the financial ability of the patient to be presented to the board and the requirement that the board, after reviewing and approving the report, issue an order directing the patient or obligated person to pay the amount determined to be due. Deletes proposed Subsection (g), which provided the express authorization to collect the payment in the manner provided by law for collection of expenses in the last illness of a deceased person. Deletes proposed Subsection (h) which established the procedure regarding disputes or confusion relating to an individual's ability to pay that require the board to call witnesses, hear and resolve the question, and issue a final order. Deletes the provision regarding an appeal from the final order of the board. C.S.H.B. 3505 modifies the original in SECTION 1 (proposed Section 287.127) of this bill, by adding a new Subsection (b) to prohibiting the annual budget for administrative expenses from exceeding 10 percent of the total annual budget of the district except after adoption of an amendment to increase the budget for administrative expenses.