SRC-ARR S.B. 4 76(R) BILL ANALYSIS Senate Research Center S.B. 4 By: Bivins Education 4/6/1999 As Filed DIGEST Currently, Texas law regulates public school finance. S.B. 4 is a comprehensive school finance, property tax relief, teacher pay raise, omnibus package. S.B. 4 and the corresponding appropriations would provide a total of $2.5 billion for children, teachers, local school districts, and the taxpayers of this state. PURPOSE As proposed, S.B. 4 regulates public school finance and public education. RULEMAKING AUTHORITY This bill does not grant any additional rulemaking authority to a state officer, institution, or agency. SECTION BY SECTION ANALYSIS SECTION 1. Amends Section 41.002, Education Code, to prohibit a school district from having a wealth per student that exceeds $300,000, rather than $200,000. Requires the commissioner of education (commissioner) to adjust, in accordance with Section 42.2521, the taxable value of a school district that, due to factors beyond the control of the board of trustees, experiences a rapid decline in the tax base used in calculating taxable values in excess of four percent of the tax base used in the preceding year. Requires the commissioner to adjust the amount of a school district's state and local revenue per weighted student for maintenance and operation of the district for the 1992-1993 school year by using a certain formula. Deletes text regarding amount of decline and except as provided by Subsection (c).Deletes text regarding certain funds. Makes conforming changes. SECTION 2. Amends Chapter 42E, Education Code, by adding Section 42.2521, as follows: Sec. 42.2521. ADJUSTMENT OF RAPID DECLINE IN TAXABLE VALUE OF PROPERTY. Authorizes the commissioner to adjust the taxable value of property in a school district that experience a rapid decline in the tax base. Authorizes the commissioner, to the extent money specifically authorized to be used for that purpose is available to adjust the district's taxable value for such losses in value exceeding four percent to reflect the local current year taxable value. Requires the commissioner to reduce adjustments in the manner provided by Section 42.253(h) so that the total amount of adjustments equals the amount of money available to fund the adjustment. Provides that a decision made under this section is final. SECTION 3. Amends Section 42.253, Education Code, by adding Subsection (e-1), to prohibits the amount to which a district is entitled under this section from exceeding a certain amount to which the district would be entitled at a certain tax rate. Provides that this subsection expires September 1, 2001. SECTION 4. Amends Section 42.302(a), Education Code, to redefine "GL," "DTR," and "LR" SECTION 5. Amends Section 46.003, Education Code, to redefine "FYA" and "FYL." SECTION 6. Amends Section 46.006, Education Code, to provide that a district's wealth per student is reduced by 10 percent if the district is determined to be a fast-growth district under Subsection (c) and before the reduction under Subdivision (1), if applicable. Requires the commissioner to annually determine the rate of growth in average daily attendance for each school district in the state over the three preceding years. Requires the commissioner to rank each school district according to the district's rate of growth, beginning with the district with the highest rate. Provides that each district that is placed in the top quartile of that ranking is considered a fast-growth district for purposes of Subsection (a). Makes conforming changes. SECTION 7. Amends Section 21.401, Education Code, to require an educator employed under a 10month contract to provide a minimum of 187 days of service. Deletes text regarding a certain formula. Makes conforming changes. SECTION 8. Amends Section 21.402, Education Code, to amend Subsections (a), (b), and (c) and add Subsection (q), to set forth a certain formula for teacher and full-time librarian pay. Redefines "FS." Requires the commissioner to determine the amount of state and local funds per weighted student available, for purposes of Subsection (a), to a district described by that subsection for the following school year. Sets forth certain salary factors per student. Provides that the amount of state and local funds per weighted student, as determined under Subsection (b), does not include any amount of state funds designated in the General Appropriations Act or another act of the legislature as funds intended to provide school district property tax relief. Deletes text regarding FSD, ADA, and requiring the commissioner to exclude certain amounts. SECTION 9. Amends Sections 824.203(a) and (e), Government Code, to provide that the standard service retirement annuity is an amount computed on the basis of the member's average annual compensation for the years of service, whether or not consecutive, in which the member received the highest annual compensation, times 2.1 percent, rather than two percent, for each year of service credit in the Teacher Retirement System of Texas (TRS). Makes a conforming change. SECTION 10. Amends Section 825.402, Government Code, to provide that except as provided by Section 825.4021, the rate of contribution for each member of the TRS is a certain amount. SECTION 11. Amends Chapter 825E, Government Code, by adding Section 825.4021, as follows: Sec.825.4021. RATE OF MEMBER CONTRIBUTIONS BY CERTIFIED PUBLIC SCHOOL EMPLOYEE. Sets forth the rate of members contributions. SECTION 12. Amends Section 825.403(a), Government Code, to require each employer, each payroll period, to deduct from the compensation of each member employed by the employer an amount equal to the percentage required under Section 825.402 or 825.4021, as appropriate, rather than 6.4 percent, of the member's compensation for that period. SECTION 13. Amends Section 825.404(a), Government Code, to require the state, during each fiscal year, to contribute to the retirement system an amount equal to a certain percentage. SECTION 14. Amends Section 825.409(a), Government Code, to make a conforming change. SECTION 15. Amends Section 26.04(c), Tax Code, to redefine "effective tax rate," and "rollback tax rate." SECTION 16. Amends Section 26.08, Tax Code, by adding subsections (j) and (k), to set forth the rollback tax rate. Provides that Subsection (j) and this subsection expire September 1, 2000. SECTION 18. Effective date: September 1, 1999, except as provided by Subsection (b) of this section. Provides that the amendments to Chapter 825E-, Government Code, made by this Act take effect January 1, 2000, but only if the constitutional amendment proposed by __. J.R. No.__, 76th Legislature, Regular Session, 1999, is adopted by the voters. Provides that the amendments to Chapter 825E, Government Code, made by this Act have no effect, if the proposed constitutional amendment is not adopted. SECTION. 19. Emergency clause.