H.B. No. 2414
relating to jury service in certain counties.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS:
SECTION 1. Section 62.004(a), Government Code, is amended
to read as follows:
(a) The county clerk and the sheriff of the county shall
draw the names of the prospective jurors for a county court from the
jury wheel in the presence and under the direction of the county
judge. The district clerk and the sheriff or any constable of the
county shall draw the names of the prospective jurors for a justice
court, county court at law, or [
a] district court from the jury
wheel in the presence and under the direction of the district judge.
SECTION 2. Subchapter A, Chapter 62, Government Code, is
amended by adding Section 62.0175 to read as follows:
Sec. 62.0175. INTERCHANGEABLE JURORS IN COUNTIES WITH A
SINGLE DISTRICT COURT AND A SINGLE COUNTY COURT AT LAW WITH
CONCURRENT JURISDICTION. (a) In a county with only one district
court and only one county court at law that has concurrent
jurisdiction with the district court in any matter, the judges of
the two courts may meet at a time set by them and determine the
approximate number of prospective jurors that are reasonably
necessary for each week of the year for a general panel of jurors
for service in both courts. The judges shall act together to carry
out the provisions of this section.
(b) The judges may order that the number of names of
prospective jurors that they determine is reasonably necessary for
each week's general panel be drawn from the jury wheel. They may
order the drawing of names of prospective jurors for as many weeks
in advance as they consider proper and may increase or decrease the
number of names drawn for any week.
(c) A general panel shall report to the district judge for
jury service, and the district judge shall organize, control, and
supervise the members of the general panel.
(d) The sheriff shall notify the persons whose names are
drawn from the jury wheel to appear before the district judge for
jury service. The judge shall hear the excuses of the prospective
jurors and swear them in for jury service for the week for which
they are to serve as jurors.
(e) When impaneled, the prospective jurors constitute a
general panel for service as jurors in both courts and shall be used
interchangeably in those courts. With the approval of both judges,
prospective jurors impaneled under this section may constitute a
general panel for service as jurors in the justice courts, the
county court, and all other county courts at law in the county, in
addition to service as jurors in the district court and the county
court at law that has concurrent jurisdiction. In that event, the
general panel shall be used interchangeably in the district court,
county court, county courts at law, and justice courts.
(f) In the event of a deficiency of jurors to satisfy the
jury requirements of any of the courts, the district judge shall
order sufficient additional names drawn to meet the emergency. The
names of additional jurors for the general panel must be drawn from
the jury wheel except as provided by Section 62.011. The additional
jurors act only as special jurors and shall be discharged as soon as
their services are no longer required.
(g) If it becomes necessary to reduce the number of persons
on the general panel for the week of its selection because of a lack
of work in a court or for other cause, the district judge shall
cause the clerk to draw from the general panel the number of names
that the judge determines is required for the week. The prospective
jurors whose names are drawn shall continue to serve on the general
panel for the remainder of the week, and the others are excused.
(h) Except as modified by this section and Section 62.011,
the law governing jury wheels applies in the counties that use
general panels interchangeably in their courts.
(i) This section does not apply to a selection of jurors in a
capital case or a mental health commitment.
SECTION 3. Section 62.302, Government Code, is amended to
read as follows:
Sec. 62.302. DRAWING NAMES FOR JURY SERVICE IN CERTAIN
COUNTY COURTS. (a) The county judge or a judge of a county court at
law [ in a county with at least two county courts at law] may order
the drawing of names from the jury wheel if the judge considers the
number of prospective jurors already drawn to be insufficient or if
an interchangeable general jury panel is not drawn as provided by
Section [ Sections] 62.016, [ and] 62.017, or 62.0175.
(b) The prospective jurors whose names are drawn as provided
by this section are available for service in the county court or
[ and] county courts at law, as applicable, and for the period of
time reasonably required for the trials in the applicable kind of
court [ those courts].
(c) The county judge and a judge of a county court at law
concurrently have the same power to determine and remedy a
deficiency in the number of prospective jurors as the district
judge designated to control a general jury panel as provided by
Section 62.016, 62.017, or 62.0175 [ 62.016(f)]. Except as
otherwise provided by this section, the applicable general
provisions in Subchapter A that govern the drawing of names of
prospective jurors by the district judge govern the drawing of
names under this section.
SECTION 4. This Act takes effect immediately if it receives
a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, as
provided by Section 39, Article III, Texas Constitution. If this
Act does not receive the vote necessary for immediate effect, this
Act takes effect September 1, 2005.
President of the Senate Speaker of the House
I certify that H.B. No. 2414 was passed by the House on April
29, 2005, by the following vote: Yeas 142, Nays 0, 2 present, not
Chief Clerk of the House
I certify that H.B. No. 2414 was passed by the Senate on May
25, 2005, by the following vote: Yeas 31, Nays 0.
Secretary of the Senate