Austin, Texas
April 15, 2005

Honorable Dennis Bonnen, Chair, House Committee on Environmental Regulation
John S. O'Brien, Deputy Director, Legislative Budget Board
HB1609 by Chisum (Relating to the allowed wastes and exemptions applicable to certain municipal solid waste landfill units in arid areas. ), Committee Report 1st House, Substituted

No significant fiscal implication to the State is anticipated.

The bill would amend Chapter 361, Health and Safety Code, by adding Section 361.123 to allow small arid exempt municipal solid waste landfill units to, on a daily basis, dispose of less than 20 tons of construction/demolition waste in addition to the tons an arid exempt facility is normally authorized. Per federal regulations, an arid exempt facility’s disposal limit is less than 20 tons of municipal solid waste.

The bill includes a provision for the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) to exempt small arid exempt municipal solid waste landfill units from groundwater protection (liner), groundwater monitoring, and corrective action requirements if there is no evidence of groundwater contamination from the unit. The proposed legislation provides a definition for "construction or demolition waste" and "small municipal solid waste landfill unit," and directs TCEQ to adopt the rules necessary for implementation. The bill would apply to landfill operations on or after January 1, 2006.

TCEQ would be required to adopt rules that are necessary to implement the new statute in a manner that complies with state program authorization under Section 3006 of the federal Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. Section 6901 et seq.).

The bill would take effect September 1, 2005.

According to TCEQ, there are currently 59 permitted arid exempt landfills in Texas, 42 of which are Type I landfills and 17 of which are Type IV. Type IV landfills are landfills that accept construction/demolition wastes. It is assumed that 36 of the 59 arid exempt landfills may require new permit modifications.

Federal regulations (40 CFR, Part 58) limit daily disposal quantities for arid exempt landfills to less than 20 tons per day. The types of waste included in the less than 20 tons per day limit are not specified. The bill proposes to double the daily disposal quantity limit to less than 40 tons per day, that is, 19 tons or less per day for municipal solid waste and 19 tons or less per day for construction/demolition waste. If disposal limits for these types of landfills are increased and deemed to conflict with federal regulations, TCEQ may have to submit a revised program application to EPA for approval.

TCEQ assumes there would be no significant fiscal implications as a result of implementing provisions of the bill, but estimates that an increased permit modification workload would require a quarter time of one highly skilled full-time-equivalent position (approximate cost of $10,000).

Local Government Impact

Small local governments could see beneficial fiscal implications if the bill were implemented, as it is anticipated that revenues earned from additional disposal of wastes would increase. Larger local governments may see revenues from waste disposal decrease if waste haulers divert waste streams to small arid exempt landfills.

Source Agencies:
582 Commission on Environmental Quality
LBB Staff: