## Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 2American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2001 - Arctic regions |

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Page 148

The horizontal forces acting on the pipeline are the drag forces , Fa , due to the wave induced and steady current ... and the opposing soil resistance force , which in turn is a function of the

The horizontal forces acting on the pipeline are the drag forces , Fa , due to the wave induced and steady current ... and the opposing soil resistance force , which in turn is a function of the

**lift force**, Fi , arising from the wave ...Page 149

Program L3FORCE produces a time series of hydrodynamic drag and

Program L3FORCE produces a time series of hydrodynamic drag and

**lift forces**at each pipe node , for a stationary ... into halfwave regular waves for which the hydrodynamic force is calculated from a set of Fourier coefficients and ...Page 343

Furthermore , it is important to keep the

Furthermore , it is important to keep the

**force**balance during the load transfer which is not self evident due to ... full 3D FEA models are used for global stress analysis which is a combination of sub - models of the heavy**lift**vessel ...### What people are saying - Write a review

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acceptable analysis applied approach assessment associated assumed calculated coefficient combined components considered corresponding corrosion cost crack criteria damage dependent depth determined developed directional distribution dynamic effect element Engineering environmental equation estimate evaluated example expected expressed extreme factor failure fatigue Figure force frequency function fuzzy given important increase initial inspection limit load loss maintenance marine maximum mean measures Mechanics method motion normal observed obtained offshore operations parameters peak performed period pipe pipeline platform possible prediction present probability procedure production random range relative reliability represented response return period riser risk safety ship shown shows significant simulation spectral spectrum statistical storm strength stress structure surface Table theory typical uncertainty variables wave height wind