By: Bell H.B. No. 3602
  relating to the religious freedom of a conscientious objector to
  act or fail to act with respect to certain issues of marriage,
  sexual relations, and gender.
         SECTION 1.  This Act shall be known as the Marriage and
  Religious Rights Ensured Act.
         SECTION 2.  Title 6, Civil Practice and Remedies Code, is
  amended by adding Chapter 150A to read as follows:
         Sec. 150A.001.  DEFINITIONS. In this chapter:
               (1)  "Adverse action" means any action that directly or
  indirectly adversely affects the person against whom the action was
  taken or that directly or indirectly places the person in a worse
  position than the person was in before the action was taken. The
  term includes:
                     (A)  an employment discharge, termination,
  suspension, demotion, or reassignment;
                     (B)  reduced responsibility in the person's
                     (C)  increased surveillance of the person;
                     (D)  threats toward the person;
                     (E)  fines or increased fees;
                     (F)  negative evaluations or references;
                     (G)  limited access to benefits;
                     (H)  refusal to hire or contract with the person;
                     (I)  refusal to service or conduct business with
  the person;
                     (J)  the denial or revocation of any exemption,
  benefit, license, certification, clearance, accreditation, or
  other position or status;
                     (K)  discrimination against the person; or
                     (L)  any other action that is likely to deter a
  reasonable person from acting or refusing to act.
               (2)  "Government agency" means:
                     (A)  this state or a municipality or other
  political subdivision of this state; or
                     (B)  any agency of this state or of a municipality
  or other political subdivision of this state, including a
  department, bureau, board, commission, office, agency, council,
  court, or public institution of higher education.
               (3)  "Harassment" means unwelcome conduct that a
  reasonable person would consider intimidating, hostile, or
  abusive. Harassment includes offensive jokes, slurs, epithets,
  name-calling, physical assaults or threats, intimidation,
  ridicule, mockery, and insults.  Harassment does not include
  slights, annoyances, or isolated incidents.
         Sec. 150A.002.  CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTOR. For purposes of
  this chapter, a person is considered to be a conscientious objector
  if the person has a sincerely held religious belief that:
                     (A)  marriage is or should be recognized as only
  the union of one man and one woman;
                     (B)  sexual relations should be exclusively
  reserved to a marriage of only one man and one woman; or
                     (C)  gender or gender identity is or should be
  determined by the predominant chromosomal sex.
         Sec. 150A.003.  RELIGIOUS CONSCIENCE PROTECTED.  (a)  A
  conscientious objector may freely act or refuse to act in
  accordance with a sincerely held religious belief described by
  Section 150A.002.
         (b)  Notwithstanding any other law, a person or government
  agency may not take any adverse action against any conscientious
  objector wholly or partly on the basis that the conscientious
               (1)  identifies as a conscientious objector; or
               (2)  acts or refuses to act in accordance with
  Subsection (a).
         (c)  This section does not apply to:
               (1)  an action by a government agency that burdens a
  conscientious objector's right to act or fail to act under
  Subsection (a) if the government agency action:
                     (A)  is in furtherance of a compelling
  governmental interest; and
                     (B)  is the least restrictive means of furthering
  that interest; or
               (2)  actions taken solely for purposes of harassment.
         Sec. 150A.004.  CLAIMS OR DEFENSES. A conscientious
  objector may assert an actual or threatened violation of this
  chapter as a claim or defense in a judicial or administrative
  proceeding and obtain compensatory damages, injunctive relief,
  declaratory relief, or any other appropriate relief.
         Sec. 150A.005.  REMEDIES.  A conscientious objector who
  successfully asserts a claim or defense under this chapter is
  entitled to recover:
               (1)  declaratory relief;
               (2)  injunctive relief to prevent the threatened or
  continued adverse action against the conscientious objector;
               (3)  compensatory damages for pecuniary and
  nonpecuniary losses;
               (4)  punitive damages; and
               (5)  reasonable attorney's fees, court costs, and other
  reasonable expenses.
         Sec. 150A.006.  TWO-YEAR LIMITATIONS PERIOD.  A
  conscientious objector may bring an action to assert a claim for
  damages under this chapter not later than the second anniversary of
  the date the person knew of the adverse action under this chapter.
         Sec. 150A.007.  IMMUNITY WAIVED. (a)  Sovereign,
  government, and qualified immunities to suit and from liability are
  waived and abolished to the extent of liability created by this
  chapter, and a claimant may sue a government agency or official for
  damages allowed by this chapter.
         (b)  Notwithstanding Subsection (a), this chapter does not
  waive or abolish sovereign immunity to suit and from liability
  under the Eleventh Amendment to the United States Constitution.
         Sec. 150A.008.  EFFECT ON RIGHTS. (a)  This chapter may not
  be construed to authorize a government agency to burden a person's
  free exercise of religion.
         (b)  The protections of speech and religious freedom
  afforded by this chapter are in addition to any protections
  provided under federal law, the laws of this state, the United
  States Constitution, and the Texas Constitution.
         (c)  This chapter may not be construed to supersede any law
  of this state that is equally as protective of religious beliefs as,
  or more protective of religious beliefs than, this chapter.
         (d)  This chapter may not be considered to narrow the meaning
  or application of any other law protecting religious beliefs.
         Sec. 150A.009.  INTERPRETATION.  This chapter shall be
  liberally construed to effectuate its remedial and deterrent
         SECTION 3.  The severability provisions of Section 311.032,
  Government Code, apply to this Act.
         SECTION 4.  This Act takes effect immediately if it receives
  a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, as
  provided by Section 39, Article III, Texas Constitution.  If this
  Act does not receive the vote necessary for immediate effect, this
  Act takes effect September 1, 2015.