85R6921 BPG-D
  By: Sanford, Leach, White, Anchia, et al. H.R. No. 191
         WHEREAS, During World War I, the crumbling Ottoman Empire
  began a systematic campaign to eradicate its Armenian population,
  which then numbered more than two million; and
         WHEREAS, Armenians and other minority populations had
  contributed to the prosperity of the once-mighty empire for
  centuries, but as its borders shrank and its influence diminished,
  ethnic tensions flared; after the Ottomans entered World War I,
  their armies suffered heavy losses to Russian forces in the
  Caucasus, and Armenians in the region were accused of aiding the
  Russian victory; on April 24, 1915, the government arrested several
  hundred Armenian intellectuals, who were later executed; Armenian
  soldiers were disarmed and transferred to labor battalions, in
  which they were worked to death or killed outright; and
         WHEREAS, In the spring and summer of 1915, under the guise of
  "resettlement," Armenians were driven from their homes in Armenia
  and Anatolia and herded through the Syrian desert to concentration
  camps; many of the deportees died along the way from hunger, thirst,
  and exhaustion, while others were massacred; by 1918, an estimated
  one million Armenians had lost their lives, and survivors endured
  tremendous hardships as refugees; and
         WHEREAS, The end of the war brought a temporary respite, but
  in 1920, the atrocities resumed until the ultimate collapse of the
  empire and formation of the Republic of Turkey; as many as 1.5
  million Armenians perished and today, only 3 million live in
  Armenia, a country that covers no more than 10 percent of the
  ancient Armenian homeland, while the Armenian diaspora numbers 8 to
  10 million in countries around the world, including the United
  States; and
         WHEREAS, In 1915, the governments of France, Great Britain,
  and Russia decried the slaughter of Armenians as "a crime against
  humanity"; American ambassador Henry Morgenthau, who led the
  humanitarian response, characterized the imperial deportation
  orders as "the death warrant to a whole race"; the persecution is
  considered genocide by most historians and has been officially
  acknowledged as such by numerous countries, among them France,
  Argentina, Greece, and Russia; this horrific event is a dark
  chapter in modern history, and the world must never forget the
  suffering of the Armenian people; now, therefore, be it
         RESOLVED, That the House of Representatives of the 85th Texas
  Legislature hereby recognize the Armenian genocide.