WHEREAS, The life and achievements of the Honorable José
  Tomás Canales, a former state representative and civil rights
  trailblazer, are being honored on the 100th anniversary of his
  landmark 1919 investigation of the Texas Rangers; and
         WHEREAS, Born into a prominent Nueces County ranching
  family in 1877, J. T. Canales earned his law degree from the
  University of Michigan; from 1900 to 1903, he practiced in Corpus
  Christi and Laredo before settling in Brownsville, where he spent
  the next two decades as a lawyer and a public official; and
         WHEREAS, In addition to serving as superintendent of the
  Cameron County public schools and as a county judge, Mr. Canales
  spent five terms as a member of the Texas House of
  Representatives, holding office from 1905 to 1911 and from 1917
  to 1921; the only Hispanic state representative at the time, he
  provided an important voice for the diverse populations living in
  the Lower Rio Grande Valley; and
         WHEREAS, One of Representative Canales's most notable
  accomplishments was his 1919 investigation into the Texas
  Rangers for their actions during the 1910s, in particular the
  massacre of 15 unarmed ethnic Mexican men and boys, when the
  Mexican Revolution roiled the border area; the Canales
  Investigation, as it became known, shined a light on the
  excessive violence carried out by the Rangers against residents
  of Mexican descent, which resulted in as many as 5,000 deaths
  between 1914 and 1919; though he faced opposition and death
  threats for his efforts, Representative Canales outlined
  numerous instances of misconduct by members of the law
  enforcement agency, and the investigation ultimately resulted in
  the force being reorganized and reduced in number; and
         WHEREAS, Representative Canales decided not to seek
  reelection in 1920 and retired from state office, but he remained
  active in Hispanic civil rights initiatives; he was integral to
  the founding of the League of United Latin American Citizens, and
  he served as Brownsville city attorney and chaired the Texas
  Council on Human Rights; a lifelong believer in the importance of
  accessible, high-quality education, he wrote numerous articles
  and books about Mexican American history and the development of
  South Texas; he passed away in Brownsville on March 30, 1976, at
  the age of 99; and
         WHEREAS, J. T. Canales was a pioneering figure in the
  struggle for social justice in the Lone Star State, and his
  vision and leadership remain a continuing source of inspiration;
  now, therefore, be it
         RESOLVED, That the Senate of the State of Texas, 86th
  Legislature, hereby pay tribute to the legacy of José Tomás Canales
  and commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Canales Investigation.
        President of the Senate
        I hereby certify that the
    above Resolution was adopted by
    the Senate on January 30, 2019.
        Secretary of the Senate
         Member, Texas Senate