87R19020 JGH-D
  By: González of El Paso H.R. No. 706
         WHEREAS, January 28, 2021, was the 104th anniversary of the
  famous "Bath House Riots" in El Paso, when Carmelita Torres and
  other Latinas bravely resisted inhumane and brutal treatment from
  U.S. border authorities; and
         WHEREAS, In 1917, all Mexicans crossing the border between
  Ciudad Juárez and El Paso along the Santa Fe Bridge were required to
  pass through a federal "delousing" facility; men and women were
  separated into different buildings, with children accompanying the
  women, and then required to strip naked and submit to inspection by
  federal agents, while their clothing and valuables were steamed or
  treated with cyanide gas; and
         WHEREAS, If a man was found with lice, his head was shaved and
  the clippings burned, and if a woman was found with lice, her hair
  was doused with kerosene and vinegar, after which she was required
  to wait half an hour for a secondary inspection while wearing only a
  towel; if lice were found again, the process was repeated; after
  this, everyone was sprayed with a toxic mixture of gasoline and
  soap, and, once dressed, vaccinated and presented with proof of the
  process in the form of a certificate that was valid for only one
  week; and
         WHEREAS, On the morning of January 28, 1917, a 17-year-old
  Mexican woman named Carmelita Torres was crossing the border on her
  way to her job as a maid in El Paso when the trolley conductor
  ordered her to leave the trolley and enter the "bath house"; she
  refused and quickly rallied the other women on the trolley, who were
  also domestic workers, to refuse as well; and
         WHEREAS, Soon a crowd of around 200 women were actively
  resisting this humiliating and racist process, some of them
  throwing rocks and bottles and injuring several trolley operators;
  as the crowd grew, many of the women placed themselves on the tracks
  to keep the trolley cars from moving, while others removed the
  operators from the cabins and destroyed the trolley controls; a
  number of the women were arrested, including Ms. Torres; and
         WHEREAS, The incident shut down the border for two days, but
  unfortunately the protest did not stop the fumigations, which
  became even worse; starting in the 1920s, officials in El Paso began
  dousing Mexicans crossing the border in Zyklon B, the cyanide-based
  pesticide that was later used in the gas chambers of Nazi
  extermination camps during the Holocaust; the demeaning
  fumigations continued for another 40 years, until the 1960s; and
         WHEREAS, Following the protest of 1917, Carmelita Torres is
  lost to history, but she and the other women who spontaneously stood
  up for themselves that January will forever be remembered for their
  courage, their determination, and their insistence upon their
  essential human right to be treated with dignity and respect; now,
  therefore, be it
         RESOLVED, That the House of Representatives of the 87th Texas
  Legislature hereby commemorate the 104th anniversary of the Bath
  House Riots of 1917 and pay tribute to the heroism of Carmelita